US antidumping and countervailing duty trade investigation resources

The USITC and the U.S. Department of Commerce are responsible for conducting antidumping (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) (subsidy) investigations and five-year (sunset) reviews under Title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930. Under this law, U.S. industries may petition the USITC and Commerce for relief from imports that are sold in the United States at less than fair value ("dumped") or that benefit from countervailable subsidies provided through foreign government programs ("subsidized"). Dumping and certain subsidizing are considered unfair trade practices.

The USITC and the U.S. Department of Commerce both have roles in these investigations, but each addresses a different question. Commerce determines whether the alleged dumping or subsidizing is happening, and if so, the margin of dumping or amount of subsidy. The USITC determines whether the U.S. industry is materially injured or threatened with material injury by reason of the imports under investigation. If both Commerce and the USITC reach affirmative final determinations on their individual questions, then Commerce will issue an antidumping duty order to offset the dumping or a countervailing duty order to offset the subsidy. Below is a list of AD/CVD resources. 

Department of Commerce Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations Unit - The Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations Unit is responsible for enforcing U.S. antidumping duty (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) laws.

Department of Commerce Office of Enforcement and Compliance - Enforcement and Compliance (E&C) safeguards and enhances the competitive strength of U.S. industries against unfair trade through the enforcement of U.S. antidumping duty (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) trade laws and ensures compliance with trade agreements negotiated on behalf of U.S. industries.

Import Administration Antidumping Manual - The U.S. Department of Commerce Official Manual for Antidumping Investigations.

U.S. International Trade Commission Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Handbook - The handbook provides informal guidance to the public concerning the filing of an antidumping or countervailing duty investigation duty petition and the investigation and review that follow. 

AD/CVD Investigations - The International Trade Commission’s database of U.S. AD/CVD investigations.

AD/CVD Orders - The International Trade Commission's database of U.S. AD/CVD orders.

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